Transportation

RESEARCH OVERVIEW

Automobile use in the developed and developing world is driving environmental, health, and quality of life impacts in and around cities, from greenhouse gas emissions, to pollution and traffic accidents, to long commutes and heavy congestion. Mobility futures in urban areas will need to evolve away from their existing form in order to avoid continued negative outcomes. Autonomous (self-driving) vehicles (AVs) are an emerging technology that may drive much of this change. However, in the absence of suitable policy and planning, widespread use of self-driving vehicles could significantly increase motorized travel and many of its associated impacts.

Part of the urban mobility challenge will require shifting the public’s mode choices toward transit, biking, walking, and vehicle sharing (car-, bike-, or ride- sharing). This requires understanding human motivation at the individual and household scale, as well as understanding the land use patterns at a community and citywide level that are conducive to sustainable forms of urban mobility. At the city and regional scales, it is important to understand which factors shape how cities coordinate sustainable land use-transportation planning and finance in metropolitan planning organizations and across the governments and authorities within their boundaries.

The network’s transportation-related work is concerned with better understanding these, as well as other, multi-scale factors affecting sustainable mobility futures, while also making connections to key societal outcomes and pathways of change.

OUR PRODUCTS

Sustainable Urban Infrastructure Transitions in the ASEAN Region: A Resource Perspective (UN Environment and Sustainable Healthy Cities collaboration)

  • February 2018
  • Report
  • Author: Multiple

The ASEAN nations are a hot spot for rapid urbanization over the next 30 years: Between 2015 and 2050, ASEAN cities are projected to add 205 million new urban residents … Read more

The Weight of Cities: Resource Requirements of Future Urbanization (International Resource Panel report with Sustainable Healthy Cities contributing authors)

  • February 2018
  • Report
  • Author: Multiple

Over the next 30 years, an additional 2.4 billion people are likely to be added to the global urban population, meaning a shift from 54 percent of the population living … Read more

Estimating Bicycle Infrastructure

  • February 2018
  • Video
  • Author: Greg Lindsey

One of the questions the Department of Transportation officials and state policy-makers face is how much to invest in bicycle infrastructure. Estimating how much bicycling occurs in a state may … Read more

Happy Cities: The Role of Transportation

  • November 2017
  • Video
  • Author: Yingling Fan

Increasing psychology research suggests that emotional well-being contributes to human development in significant ways. Happier people often are more productive and creative, have better family and social relationships, and in … Read more

Waiting Time Perceptions: Transit Stations

  • November 2017
  • Video
  • Author: Yingling Fan

Waiting time in transit travel is often perceived negatively, and high-amenity stops and stations are becoming increasingly popular for improving transit riders’ aversion to waiting. Research by Yingling Fan, Associate … Read more

Policy and Planning Opportunities of Self-Driving Vehicles

  • November 2017
  • Video
  • Author: Frank Douma

The “future” of self-driving vehicles is quickly becoming reality. As these technologies make their way into the vehicles that get us from point A to point B, they are beginning … Read more

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