Exploring the non-linear associations between spatial attributes and walking distance to transit

  • January 2020
  • Peer-Reviewed Articles
  • Multiple

Tao, T., Wang, J., & Cao, X. (2020). Exploring the non-linear associations between spatial attributes and walking distance to transit, Journal of Transport Geography, 82, 102560.

ABSTRACT: When examining environmental correlates of walking distance to transit stops, few studies report the importance of spatial attributes relative to other factors. Furthermore, previous studies often assume that they have linear relationships with walking distance. Using the 2016 Transit On Board Survey in the Minneapolis and St. Paul Metropolitan Area, this study adopted the gradient boosting decision trees method to examine the relationships between walking distance and spatial attributes. Results showed that spatial attributes collectively have larger predictive power than other factors. Moreover, they tend to have non-linear associations with walking distance. We further identified the most effective ranges of spatial attributes to guide stop area planning and stop location choice in the region.

HIGHLIGHTS:

  • Spatial attributes play an important role in predicting walking distance.
  • Spatial attributes have non-linear relationships with walking distance.
  • We identified the thresholds of spatial attributes to guide planning practice.
  • Planners can easily apply the method in their local contexts.

Read the full article here.